What is Osteoarthritis?
It is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones wears down over time.
Although osteoarthritis can damage any joint, the disorder most commonly affects joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine.
Osteoarthritis symptoms can usually be managed, although the damage to joints can’t be reversed. Staying active, maintaining a healthy weight and some treatments might slow progres/sion of the disease and help improve pain and joint function.
Signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis include:
Pain. Affected joints might hurt during or after movement.
Stiffness. Joint stiffness might be most noticeable upon awakening or after being inactive.
Loss of flexibility. …
Grating sensation. …
Bone spurs. …
What Causes Osteoarthritis?
Heredity. Some people have an inherited defect in one of the genes responsible for making cartilage. …
Obesity . Obesity increases the risk for osteoarthritis of the knee, hip, and spine. …
Injury. Injuries contribute to the development of osteoarthritis. …
Joint overuse. …
Possible complications of osteoarthritis include:
Rapid, complete breakdown of cartilage resulting in loose tissue material in the joint (chondrolysis).
Bone death (osteonecrosis).
Stress fractures (hairline crack in the bone that develops gradually in response to repeated injury or stress).
Bleeding inside the joint.
Diagnosis of OA
Analyzing your blood or joint fluid can help confirm the diagnosis. Blood tests. Although there’s no blood test for osteoarthritis, certain tests can help rule out other causes of joint pain, such as rheumatoid arthritis.
And so on to complete Treatment of Osteoarthrits
This information is intended as a patient education resource only and should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem as it is not a substitute for expert professional care.
If you have or suspect you may have a health problem please consult your healthcare provider
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